The presentation provides an overview of information science as a field or discipline, including a historical perspective to illustrate the events and forces that shaped it. Information science is a field of professional practice and scientific inquiry dealing with effective communication of information and information objects, particularly knowledge records, among humans in the context of social, organizational, and individual need for and use of information. Information science emerged in the aftermath of the Second World War, as did a number of other fields, addressing the problem of information explosion and using technology as a solution. Presently, information science deals with the same problems in the Web and digital environments. This presentation covers problems addressed by information science, the intellectual structure of the field, and the description of main areas – information retrieval, human information behavior, metric studies, and digital libraries.
Univ.) at the School of Communication and Information, Rutgers University. He was the president of the American Society for Information Science and received the Society’s Award of Merit (the highest award given by the Society). He also received the Gerard Salton Award for Excellence in Research, by the Special Interest Group on Information Retrieval, Association for Computing Machinery (also the highest award given by the Group). In a histogram of citations from papers in the Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology for years 1956-2006 and involving 4065 authors, he ranked first in citations to his work both in articles in the Journal as well in articles globally from that Journal. >From 1985 to 2008 he was the Editor-in-Chief of Information Processing & Management, an international journal.<br>
Email: <a href="mailto:email@example.com">firstname.lastname@example.org </a><br>URL:<a href="http://www.scils.rutgers.edu/~tefko"> http://www.scils.rutgers.edu/~tefko</a>